The Sun god has two arms, he is seated on the pedestal of lotus; both of his hands are embellished with lotus flowers. There is a beautiful golden crown, on his head and a garland of gems around his neck. His radiance is just like the interior part of a lotus flower and he is mounted on the chariot pulled by seven horses.
The Sun god is also known as ‘Savita’, which means – one who creates, ‘SAVITA SARVASYA PRASAVITA’ (Nirukta -10/31). According to the Rigveda the Sun god situated at the centre of the solar system is an inspirer of all, pervader of the internal parts and an embodiment of almighty god. According to the ‘Markandeya Puran’ Sun is the embodiment of Brahma, the world originates from the Sun and is established in it. The Sun is the appearance of all the matters and elements and is the eternal almighty. This very God ‘Bhaskar’ creates nurtures and annihilates the world respectively in the form of lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu & Lord Shiva. Sun is the supreme deity amongst all the nine-planets.
When Brahma manifested himself by breaking the egg, then he pronounced ‘OM’. This Omkar itself is the supreme soul and the very physique of Sun god. The four Vedas emerged from all the four mouths of lord Brahma, which were glowing by their own radiance. The powerful radiance emanating from the ‘Omkar’ covered the radiance of the Vedas and ultimately all of them unified. This very Vedic appearance of ‘Omkar’ is the sun god. This radiant sun was the first manifested during the times of creation, hence it was called ‘Aditya’.
Once the demons, the titans and the monsters unitedly fought with the deities and snatched their power and authority after defeating them. ‘Aditi’– the mother of the deities did worship of sun god to get protection from this calamity. Being pleased with her the sun god took incarnation as her son and established the eternal path of the Veda after defeating the enemies of the deities. He is called Aditya also for this reason.
The complexion of Sun god is red. His vehicle is a chariot. There is only one wheel in his chariot which is called ‘Samvatsar’. The wheel of his chariot has 12 spokes, which symbolise the twelve months. The wheel has six circumferences, which symbolize the six seasons, and three ‘Naves’ which is symbolise of the three four-months.
The sages (rishi) and all the celestial supernatural beings like ‘Gandharva’, ‘Apsara’, ‘Nag’ yaksha and the deities’ move along with him doing his worship. The wheel, power, a loop and a hook are the weapons of sun god. His great-phase (Mahadasha) last for six years. To get his blessings and for his pacification, performance of ‘Arghya’ (pouring water facing the sun in the morning should be done and also the text of Harivansh purana should be listened to. Ruby should be worn on the body and donation of wheat, cow along with a calf, raw-sugar (gur), copper, gold and red-clothes should be made to the brahmins.
OM AAKRISHNEN RAJASA VARTAMANO NIVESHAYANNAMRITAM MARTYAM CHA ||
HIRANYEN SAVITA RATHENA DEVO YAATI BHUVANANI PASHYAN ||
The mantra mentioned in the Purana is as follows
JAPAKUSUMA SANKASHAM KASHYAPEYAM MAHADYUTIM ||
TAMORIM SARVA PAPAGHNAM PRANATOSMI DIWAKARAM ||
Cryptic mantras is as follows
OM HRAM HRIM HRAUM SAH SURYAY NAMAH’ ||
General mantra is as follows
OM GHRINI SURYAY NAMAH ||
Any of the above given mantras can be chanted repeatedly with devotion. The mantras should be chanted for 7000 times during the dawn period.