Mercury is attired in yellow apparels and wears a garland of yellow flowers. The radiance and glow of his body is like that of an oleander flower. He has a sword, a shield a mace in each of his three hands respectively and his fourth hand is raised in the posture of giving blessings. He has a golden crown on his head and a beautiful garland in his neck. His vehicle is a lion.
According to the ‘Atharavaveda’ Mercury’s father is the moon and his mother is Tara. He was given the name mercury by lord Brahma because of his intelligence. According to Shrimad bhagawat he is proficient in all the scriptures and is as radiant as the moon.
According to Matsyapuran (24/1-2) lord Brahma made him lord of earth and a planet.
According to a mountain, which comes in the Mahabharata, Manu impressed by his learning’s and intelligence married his daughter Ila with him. As a result of this marriage ‘Pururva’ was born and the descent of moon expanded.
According to the Shrimadbhagawat (5/22-13) mercury is situated about 2,00,000 yojans (2400 000 km above venus). Mercury is considered to be an auspicious planet but if by chance it transgresses, chance of natural calamities like draught storm and floods occur.
According to the Matsyapuran the complexion of mercury is yellow like an oleander flower. His chariot is of white colour and illuminated by light, Horses, which are as fast as the wind, pull the chariot. The names of the horses are Shweta, Pisanga, Saranga, Neel, Peeta, Vilohita, Krishna, Hairta, Prisha and Prishni.
The governing deity of the planet mercury is Lord Vishnu. Mercury is the lord of the zodiac Gemini, and Virgo. The great phase of mercury lasts for 17 years.
For the pacification of this planet fasts should be observed on every Amavasya (moonless night) and emerald should be won on the body.
Donations of ivory, green-clothes, Coral emerald, gold camphor, weapon, fruit and ghee to the brahmins also satisfies the mercury.
The worship of mercury is done when it is situated in the northeast direction. His symbol is an arrow and is of green complexion.
The Mantra mentioned in the Purana is as follows:
PRIYANGU KALIKA SHYAMAM RUPENA PRATIMAM BUDHAM ||
SAUMYAM SAUMYA GUNOPETAM TAM BUDHAM PRANAMAMYAHAM ||
Cryptic Mantra :
OM BRAM BRIM BRAUM SAH BUDHAYA NAMAH ||
General mantra is as follows :
OM BOOM BUDHAYA NAMAH||
Any of the above given mantras can be chanted repeatedly for fixed numbers.
Total numbers of chanting = 9000.
Time for chanting is two hours after the sunrise.
Help from a learned Brahmin can be taken in special circumstances.